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Explained: Islamic New Year That Coincides With The Tragic Events Of Muharram

Explained: Islamic New Year That Coincides With The Tragic Events Of Muharram

In the Islamic lunar calendar, the new crescent moon marks the beginning of the year 1444. Based on the moon, the Islamic year has a length of 354 or 355 days. It runs for a whole year, beginning with Muharram.

The Hijrah – the Prophet Mohamed’s journey from Mecca to Medina with his companions, marked the beginning of the calendar in 622 AD.

History and significance

The Islamic New Year commemorates the migration of the Prophet Mohammad and his companions from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE to avoid persecution. In 629 CE, following the city’s conquest, the Prophet made his way back to Mecca. The following year will be known as 1444 AH (Anno Hegirae or the year of the Hijra), signifying that 1,444 years have passed since the Prophet’s migration to Medina.

Traditionally, Muharram is regarded as a time for reflection and penance among many. The Islamic New Year gives followers a chance to look forward to the future and reflect on the good and bad things they have done in their life.

As the death anniversary of the Prophet’s grandson Hussein is observed around this time, Muslims see the first 10 days of Muharram as a sacred period of remembrance. On the tenth day of Muharram, Hussein lost his life at the Battle of Karbala. The day, also known as Ashura, is observed as a day of mourning by Shia Muslims around the world.

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Anmar Khalil/AP Photo

When does Muharram 2022 start?

Based on where a person is in the world, the expected Gregorian Date of 1 Muharram in 2022 is either Saturday, July 30, or Sunday, July 31, 2022.

Different nations choose various techniques, but the date is ultimately determined by astronomical calculations or confirmed moon sightings.

There is also disagreement about whether the concept of a moon sighting should refer to a person actually witnessing the moon in an area, which could be complicated by things like weather, or whether to take into account sightings in Saudi Arabia or other places.

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Unsplash/Representational Image

Some claim that because of scientific advances in astronomy, it is now possible to predict the rising of the new moon with certainty, allowing Muslims worldwide to utilize a single start date without variance.


According to traditional belief, the Children of Israel were saved from Pharoah by Allah in the month of Muharram. On this day, the tenth of Muharram, Prophet Moses (or Musa) fasted as an act of gratitude to Allah. When Prophet Muhammad moved from Mecca to Medina in the year 622 CE during the month of Muharram, he learned from the Jews that they fasted on this day in accordance with the teachings of Moses.

Islamic Calendar, Islamic New Year, Muharram 2022, Muharram, Ashura 2022, Ashura, Islamic New Year 2022,

Prophet Muhammad chose to fast twice, once on Ashura and the day prior that is the 9th and 10th day of Muharram, in order to encourage his followers to express the same thanks to Allah. These are the customs that Sunni Muslims traditionally follow.

Muslims observe a day of mourning known as Ashura to remember the martyrdom of the Prophet Muhammad’s great-grandson Hussain Ibn Ali in Karbala. 

In order to mark public mourning and remember the suffering inflicted upon their great leader and his family, members of the Shia community wear black clothing, observe abstinence, fast, and participate in processions on the day of Ashura, when Imam Hussain is believed to have been beheaded in the Battle of Karbala.

Islamic Calendar, Islamic New Year, Muharram 2022, Muharram, Ashura 2022, Ashura, Islamic New Year 2022,
Anmar Khalil/AP Photo

When is the day of Ashura?

According to the Islamic calendar, Ashura occurs on the tenth day of the first month, which places it between Sunday, August 7, and Monday, August 8, this year.

The holy day of Ashura is a day of remembrance and fasting for millions of people around the world.

Islamic Calendar, Islamic New Year, Muharram 2022, Muharram, Ashura 2022, Ashura, Islamic New Year 2022,
Anmar Khalil/AP Photo

Both Sunni and Shi’a Muslims mark the day, however in different ways.

The split between Shi’a and Sunni Muslims began with disagreements about the Prophet Muhammad’s rightful successor and leader of the Muslim community, and it was made worse by the subsequent killing of Hussain ibn Ali, the Prophet’s grandson years later.

For more on news and current affairs from around the world please visit Indiatimes News.

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Flags in Oakville lowered to half-mast “in recognition of tragic events in Buffalo”

Flags in Oakville lowered to half-mast "in recognition of tragic events in Buffalo"

The town of Oakville has lowered the flags at all town facilities to half-mast in an expression of mourning and solidarity for the victims of last Saturday’s mass shooting in Buffalo, New York.

A town release says that “Flags at town facilities will be lowered to half-mast until May 19, 2022, in recognition of the tragic events in Buffalo, New York this past weekend.”

Last Saturday, May 14, 2022, an 18-year-old white male shot and killed ten people at a grocery store in a predominantly black neighbourhood of the city of Buffalo. All ten victims were black. Three others were shot and wounded.

The town of Oakville released a statement saying, “We stand in solidarity with our neighbours in Buffalo and join them in condemning racism, hatred and gun violence.”

Police have been investigating the incident as a racially motivated hate crime. The suspect was arrested at the supermarket and has been charged with murder.

U.S. President Joe Biden and First Lady Dr. Jill Biden travelled to Buffalo yesterday to offer remarks and pay their respects at a memorial started on the site of the crime. 

“Jill and I have come to stand with you, and to the families, we have come to grieve with you,” said President Biden said. “Now’s the time for people of all races, from every background, to speak up as a majority and reject white supremacy.” 

More information on the flag lowering across Oakville is available online here.

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Tips for talking with children about tragic events

Tips for talking with children about tragic events

EAU CLAIRE, Wis. (WEAU) -As the community continues to process Lily Peters’ death, it can be difficult or uncomfortable for parents to talk with children about this tragedy.

Alison Jones is a psychiatrist with Marshfield Clinic in Eau Claire.

She said it’s important to talk about tragic events like Lily Peters’ death with your kids.

If you don’t, they’ll likely find the information somewhere.

That information may not be accurate.

For elementary students, Jones said one way you can talk to children is focusing on safety in the community.

Share with them ways they can be aware of their surroundings and what to do if they need help.

She said for both adults and children, community is also key.

“As a psychiatrist in the community, I know that this is a really challenging time, and it’s important to lean on your community members and support services that we have within the region and working together as a community,” Jones said.

Jones also recommends watching for changes in your child’s behavior.

“Kids asking more questions, really perseverating or getting stuck on details about the event or even other things that are happening in their lives,” Jones said. “Maybe being more clingy or wanting to attach to their family or not wanting to go out of the home without their parents.”

Jones said if you do notice changes like this, or if your child starts acting out, reach out to their schools or other resources in the community for help.

Copyright 2022 WEAU. All rights reserved.

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How to support those who witness tragic events

How to support those who witness tragic events

FARGO, N.D. (Valley News Live) – A 21-year-old woman is recovering in the hospital tonight after police say she jumped off the Fargo pedestrian bridge into oncoming traffic on I-94 Thursday morning.

It happened just before 8:30 a.m., and authorities say two cars crashed while trying to avoid hitting the woman. No injuries were reported.

Several witnesses called the tragic situation into 911 dispatchers, which prompted our team to speak with local mental health experts on how you should help and talk with those who watch incidents like this unfold in front of them.

“An event like what took place isn’t something that people would normally expect to happen in their daily lives. So, I think recognizing that there’s going to be some troubling thoughts, you may have trouble eating or sleeping talk, you daily activities may change for a few days,” Jeana Scheffler, a therapist with Prairie St. John’s said. “Just recognize there’s no right or wrong way to respond to this.”

Scheffler says while ruminating thoughts on what you witnessed are normal, it’s important to try to break them up.

“Watching funny videos on YouTube, going for a walk, doing something that you enjoy so that you’re not stuck thinking about this specific event all day,” she said.

The most important thing Scheffler says you should do is to talk to your loved ones about what you saw and how you feel. And she urges those loved ones not to be afraid to reach out and ask how you can help, and to make a conscious effort to listen.

“I think we’re always thinking, ‘I don’t want to bother them with this question.’ Or, ‘maybe they’re not thinking about it. I don’t want to be the one to bring this up,’ but I think any time someone experiences something like this, that’s all they’re going to be thinking about,” Scheffler said.

Scheffler says with tragic events like this, she knows some will feel like they don’t deserve to be happy after witnessing something so dark, but she says it’s important not to let that feeling dominate your life.

“Understand that with tragedies we experience a lot of tears and sadness, but it’s also ok to let joy and laughter come through,” she said.

Experts also say it’s important to maintain a routine and normalcy as best you can, but urge you to reach out for help immediately if you feel like your dark thoughts and feelings aren’t going away.

Copyright 2022 KVLY. All rights reserved.